Demand for gold increases during inflationary times due to its inherent value and limited supply. Since it cannot be diluted, gold can retain its value much better than other forms of currency. Commodity money is inconvenient to store and transport in large quantities. In addition, it doesn't allow a government to manipulate the flow of trade as easily as a fiat currency does.
As such, commodity money gave way to representative money, and gold and other species remained as backup. The gold standard is a currency measurement system that uses gold as a way to establish the value of money. Ensures that currency under a gold standard system can be exchanged for gold. The gold standard means an agreement between society and its monetary institutions that the currency they spend and earn is a substitute for gold.
Starting with the administration of President Charles de Gaulle in 1959-1969 and continuing until 1970, France reduced its reserves in dollars, exchanging them for gold at the official exchange rate, reducing U. The Bank of England succeeded in ending the gold standard by appealing to patriotism, urging citizens not to exchange banknotes for species of gold. The almost coincidental California Gold Rush of 1849 and the Australian Gold Rush of 1851 significantly increased global gold reserves and the minting of francs and gold dollars, as the gold-silver ratio fell below 15.5, leading France and the United States to place themselves on the gold standard with Great Britain during the 1850s. While gold was minted into coins and then used for trade, the precious metal didn't become a standard until the 19th century.
The gold standard was largely abandoned during the Great Depression before being re-established on a limited basis as part of the post-World War II Bretton Woods system. This was not the case with the United States, the largest country in the world, which has enormous gold reserves. During the Civil War, the government had difficulty paying its obligations in gold or silver and suspended the payment of obligations not legally specified in kind (gold bonds); this led banks to suspend the conversion of bank liabilities (notes and deposits) into cash. Britain's original gold species pattern, with gold in circulation, was no longer feasible, and the rest of continental Europe also opted for gold.
The gold standard was the basis of the international monetary system from the 1870s to the early 1920s and from the late 1920s to 1932, as well as from 1944 to 1971, when the United States unilaterally ended the convertibility of the U.S. dollar into gold, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. According to a survey of 39 economists, the majority (93 percent) agreed that returning to the gold standard would not improve price stability and employment results, and two-thirds of economic historians reject the idea that the gold standard was effective in stabilizing prices and moderating fluctuations in the economic cycle during the 19th century. In October 1976, the government officially changed the definition of the dollar; references to gold were removed from laws.
Therefore, the classic gold standard of the late 19th century was not simply a superficial change from circulating silver to circulating gold. He described this as the predominant form of the international gold standard before World War I, that it was generally impossible to implement a gold standard before the 19th century due to the absence of recently developed tools (such as central banking institutions, banknotes and symbolic coins), and that a gold exchange pattern was even superior to the standard of British gold species with gold in circulation. Since that date, it has remained at a constant value in terms of gold, since the Bank regularly supplies it when needed for export and, at the same time, uses its authority to restrict as much as possible the use of gold in the country. Countries that abandoned the gold standard before other countries recovered before the Great Depression.